Sunday, 29 October 2017
Obligation to Establish Consensus
Establishing Consensus is one of the obligations of muslim people in organizing their concerns. So, we are as muslim is not allowed to abandon this obligation. As this had been clearly stated in al-Quran as below.
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ لِنْتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنْتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانْفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ
فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ
“So by mercy from Allah, [O Muhammad], you were lenient with them. And if you had been rude [in speech] and harsh in heart, they would have disbanded from about you. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah . Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him].” (QS 3:159)
The above verse was revealed in Madinah just after the Uhud war. Previously, during the strategic planning in fact Rasulullah saw had been established a great strategy. He ordered the archers to stay at one of the hill in Uhud, and kept staying there. Then, after the war went on and the enemy troops had been in disorder condition and retreated, those enemy troops then throwing away their treasure supplies as a tactic to deceive muslim troops.
Seeing so many spoils from the enemy, then the archers were interrested to go down from the hill to get the spoils. Some of them had reminded not to leave the hill, but then after some discussion amongst them, they decided to leave the hill and go down to get the spoils.
Looking at this fact, then the enemy troops realizing that there were an opportunity. They turn back toward the muslim troop to assault an attack wave. Having assaulted by the sudden atatck from the enemy, the muslim troop was not ready, they were shocked and disunited. The archers who supposed to be at their post in the hill is no more there. None was blocking the enemy assault. Finally the muslim troops ran away and retreated. Many of them are killed as Syuhada, such as Mush’ab ibn Umair and Hamzah ibn Abdul Muthalib (uncle of Rasulullah). The muslim troops were lost at that battle of Uhud.
Just after that war, then Rasulullah saw ever disallowed for any kind of discussion and making consensus, because it had been already happened that making consensus will create disobedience, impacting in muslim’s loyalty, disobeying order to keep staying at Uhud hill, and finally bring them in lost at that war.
Then immediately, Allah swt corrected this matter. Making Consensus is still important and must be done by muslim people. Then, with this Rasulullah saw revised his previous policy accordingly. That is the revelation background of the above verse in al-Quran. Please look at that verse again and reread it. After that event, then making Consensus become a habit and culture of muslim people.
Within discussion and making Consensus, there are a lot of mercy from Allah for muslim people who are united, not splitted. Making Consensus is a solution, a tool and a way to bind muslim people in unity, not splitted in many fractions because of any differences. One piece of stick if it is bundled together with the others then it become stronger.
Based on this history, then centuries after Sukarno did the same thing when he intended to establish the fundamental cores of this nation, Pancasila. He asked the committee of PPKI to discuss and making Consensus for establishing this fundamentals. Not just based on his own decision.
Unfortunately, this kind of making Consensus principle had been abandoned by many of muslims people. Several of muslims this day, feel that they are more true than the others, feeling that they are smarter compared with the others. So, then they may abondone the principle of making Consensus with the others. Hence, this is what was impacting on so many fractions and orders exist amongst muslim people.
Whereas the only one which can put aside making Consensus is Hikmah. Hikmah is similar with guidance from Allah or His Messanger, as the following verse in al-Quran.
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ ۖ فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ
فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۚ
ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا
“O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result.” (QS 4:59)
Perhaps, some of muslim people feel that they are more true than the others just according to their own opinion. Feeling that they are right and they act like a Messanger. So, they feel that they can disobey to the principle of making Consensus.
Even though that what those people thought and felt are not guidance from Allah or His Messanger. Perhaps what they thought and felt were based on their own interpretation without any warranty that they are right. Personal opinion and interpretation are not part of guidance from Allah nor part of Hikmah. Hence, let us make Consensus as a way to unify our society and avoiding any disunity. (AK/SY)
Posted by YAKDI (Foundation of AKHLAQUL KARIMAH DARUL IMAN) in INDONESIA at 22.26pm