Saturday, 11 November 2017
Maintaining A Life of Tolerance
So, when the teachings of the Islamic religion were introduced first by the Prophet Muhammad to Mecca, they rejected it and chose not to believe. Even, they threatened to kill the Prophet if he continues the Da'wah. This makes the Prophet disappointed and heartbroken, because the inhabitants of Mecca did not believe. A deep sadness makes the Prophet SAW frustrated and then these events are recorded in the Quran as follows.
لَعَلَّكَ بَاخِعٌ نَفْسَكَ أَلَّا يَكُونُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ
"It could be you (Muhammad) will destroy yourselves, because they (the inhabitants of Mecca) unbelievers." (QS 26:3)
If the verses in the Quran are timeless and live along, then it would be dissapointed if knowing that up to this day, most of the population of the city of Mecca is not a believer.
During the history of Islamic spread, apparently proved that Arabian is the nation that does not shows tolerance. It is proved that within the 10 years since the Prophet Muhammad migrated to Medina, there are approximately 27 battles done in order to preserve the teachings of Islam. The Arab nation is indeed a community who are really fond to force and set the beliefs and religion of a person.
As for the Islamic spreadings which later brought by the Middle East trader to South East Asia, then Islami was well accepted by Eastern community with open arms. None of the war ever happened due to the influx of new religious teachings. In this country of Nusantara, Islamic teachings was accepted by its society and this religion coexist with the other previous religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism. These three religions coexist harmoniously without any dispute. Similarly, the teaching of christian comes later brought by the Europeans, is also accepted by the people of Indonesia, without any strife and violence.
The life of such tolerance was not only in Indonesia, in other Eastern countries too there are life of tolerance as it is. As is the case in Thailand, Cambodia or China, the teachings of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism live harmoniously side by side.
Especially as in Indonesia, what is really make tolerant life exist and can survive up to now? As it turns out, then it is basically because of the foundation of 'the divinity of the one true God ', the first foundation of our country. With based on the God, then Indonesia is the only country in the world which is based on God, which ensures the existence and continuity of the religious tolerance. Not based on particular religious rule.
Other countries, such as some countries in Europe during the era before the Renaissance or the countries in Middle East which are based on particular religious rule, then we could see how easily strifes and intolerance may arise. Violence and disputes are often occur once.
When the people and the army who supporting ISIS came to occupy parts of Syria and Iraq, those outsiders apply Sharia radically and hard. There is no tolerance attitude to the natives. They're like a colonial country who invades the other countries and then force the native people by application of Sharia that are not tolerant.
If today we we want to pay our attention to the conditions of the countries around the world, where tolerance and religious freedom uphold high, then there are only two types of countries that implement it. One is a completely secular State which totally does not regulate the Affairs of the religion and beliefs of the inhabitants, and the other one is Indonesia, the country which is based on God and not on particular religious rule.
The life of religious tolerance in this country is very unique, this is the only one country in the world that life of tolerance could be built on the Foundation of the divinity of the one true God. The delegates and other world leaders who've been to Indonesia, they all admit this fact at once and praised the life of tolerance in Indonesia.
We, as a nation of Indonesia ought to be thankful for the Blessing and mercy of God. With a life of tolerance, this country is in a peaceful, secure and prosperous. Especially, when you compare it with other countries, such as Kashmir: that between the Hindu and Muslim population were often occur controversy and social unrest. According to the UNITED NATIONS since 1989 the death toll due to violence in Kashmir was more than 47 thousand people. In the country like Iraq, battle showdown was ever happened between Sunnis and Shia. In Srebrenica, there were 8 thousand Muslims were killed by Serbian soldiers, they were slaughtered within 5 days. In Iraq recently discovered about 72 mass grave victims of cruelty of ISIS that contains about 15 thousand bodies of Muslims. So, it turns out that ISIS was twice more brutal and more cruel compared to Serbian troops sat assist Muslims in 1995.
Those above facts were the result of bad attitude of intolerance, so that disputes and hostility will be easily ignited. This is why then our Guru reminds the importance of keeping this tolerant life. Maintain the life of the nation on top of the divinity of the one true God, above the Foundation of unity.
Mainly because in recent days, our Guru concerned by the attitude of some people who have been affected by intolerant thinking from the Middle East. A new emerged view that is very keen to declare others as disbeliever. Rigid and intolerant attitude spread against non-Muslims. Forbid Muslims to congratulate the non-Muslims. Spreading slander and hoax news against people of non-natives. Advocating war in cyberspace (cyber war) by threatening and intimidating others. Do unilateral raids in mall and shopping centers during christmas time. Even up to the repressive actions and anarchists like dissolve non-muslim religious event and burn the church construction.
Looking at those bad symptoms, then we may need to plan a national anti-radicalism movement and the movement back to the pure Islamic teachings, the teachings of unity which is full of tolerant attitude and upholds the unity and the peace. Islamic teachings brought by Prophet Muhammad is the teaching that is tolerant, not impose religion.
لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَدْ تَبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ
فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انْفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
"There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So, whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” (QS 2:256)
There were already destined by God and his Apostle that not everyone in this world will believe the teachings of Islam and believe in the Quran. For that, then Allah forbids us to impose Islamic religious teachings to others. Should not force the people of other religions to accept the Islamic rule.
وَلَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ لَآمَنَ مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كُلُّهُمْ جَمِيعًا ۚ أَفَأَنْتَ تُكْرِهُ النَّاسَ حَتَّىٰ يَكُونُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ
"And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed - all of them entirely. Then, [O Muhammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers? " (QS 10:99)
About 500 years ago, a great many guardians of God (Wali Allah) had moved and migrated to Indonesia. In about the same time, suddenly there's a lot of guardians of God (Wali Allah) living in this country. There has never been so many guardians of God (Wali Allah) has living in other countries as in this country, not even also in Arab soil. Why is Indonesia? Why in this country? For us, Muslims who are living today, this can be a kind of sign that someday in the future, a pure Islam will be born again and succeed in this country, rather than in his native land. It may just be. (AK/ST)
Posted by YAKDI (Foundation of AKHLAQUL KARIMAH DARUL IMAN) in INDONESIA at 23.35